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1217 Main Street

5-story, 25,000 SF, office and commissary/bakery/butcher shop

1217 Main Street, Dallas, Texas 75202

Program

Office, 21,600 SF

Food/Beverage, 3,400 SF

Build

Adaptive Reuse

Client

Headington Companies

Service

Architect

Interior Designer

Located in downtown Dallas, the substantially modified 1217 Main Street building is a striking transformation of the 1950s-era bank building. The client commissioned the Cuban-born artist Jorge Pardo, a Macarthur Foundation Fellow who has received the Smithsonian’s Luciela Artist Award and Louis Comfort Tiffany Foundation Award, whose body of work explores the intersection of contemporary painting, design, sculpture, and architecture, to design 36,215 handmade, glazed ceramic tiles to become the primary cladding material for the building that derived its inspiration from the subtle variation of the Texas blue sky.

To express the ceramic art properly, the design team devised a technically complex façade substructure, a one-of-a-kind, for the ceramic tiles to enable the visual concealment of control and expansion joints, panel or module seams, or shadow lines. A particular challenge with placing ceramic tiles on the exterior of a Texas building was the thermal expansion and contraction which could lead to the spalling and delamination of tiles from the façade. In addition to working with the tile fabricator to refine the ceramic bisque and develop a tile with properties closer to porcelain, an aluminum rainscreen system was designed to support each tile and separate their moments from themselves by utilizing structural silicone to adhere each tile onto the aluminum grid.

The ground floor of the building is occupied by a bakery/café/butcher shop/commissary operation with 4-story of creative office floors above. The roof of the previously 4-story building was also converted into an occupiable office floor with exterior balconies affording the outdoor enjoyment of the Dallas downtown scene.

The successful merging of the urban art and architecture transfigured a building that had been a liability for over 20 years into a new downtown anchor that is now full of life day and night. It strongly expressed the client’s intention to permanently transform downtown Dallas into a vibrant pedestrian environment by combining the work of a renowned artist with a major architectural alteration.

Awards

2023 The Dallas Architecture Forum 25th Anniversary Design Recognition Awards, Finalist

2021 AIA Dallas Built Design Awards, Honor Award

2021 AIA Dallas Built Design Awards, Media Critic Award: Julia Gamolina

2019 Texas Society of Architects Design Awards

2018 A|N (Architect's Newspaper) Best of Design Awards, Building Renovation

Publications

The Dallas Morning News, December 2019

“Klyde Warren Park, two signature bridges among architectural highlights in Dallas over last decade,”


Interior Design Magazine, August 2019

“10 Spaces Designed with Colorful Tiles”


Interior Design Magazine, November 2018

“Jorge Pardo Eyes the Skies for Dallas’s Commissary”


American Institute of Architects, Dallas Chapter, Column Magazine, January 2019

“Detail Matters: Ceramic Precision,” Ezra Loh


The Dallas Morning News, May 2020

“100 reasons to love Dallas right now: A critic’s list of the places that make the city and its architecture special”


The Architect’s Newspaper, February 2019

“5G Studio brightens up a mid-century bank with a ceramic tile recladding,” Matthew Marani


ArchDaily, May 2020

“1217 Main Street Renovation,” Paula Pintos


Building Enclosure, May 2021

“Glass Transform 60-Year-Old Bank Building into Dallas Icon”


Plataforma Arquitectura, March 2021

“Renovacion de Main Street 1217,” Paula Pintos

Quotes

“The relationship of the building to the streetscape is totally amazing, but it’s different than what you find in other cities. It’s a very 21st century urbanism.”

Carol Ross Barney, FAIA, Founding and Design Principal of Ross Barney Architects



“It’s an incredibly intimate building that has its outside say “Hi, I’m here, I’m a sprinkled cupcake, and I’m wonderful,” and the energy was just beguiling.”

Julie Eizenberg, FAIA, LFRAIA, Founding Principal of KoningEizenberg



“Two words can be used to summarize this building – joyous and delightful. The use, location, and scale of a utilitarian building component is unexpected and seems to spill beyond the building.”

Chris-Annmarie Spencer, AIA, Principal of Wheeler Kearns Architects, remarked in awarding the Texas Society of Architects design award



“The project is a success not just for the dynamic vision of the architects and artist but also in developing a higher performing system faster and less costly than the traditional construction method for this material.”

Chris O’Hara, PE, Founding Principal of Studio NYL, a façade engineering studio, in the Architect’s Newspape

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